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Tuesday, November 17, 2009

SS-N-19 Granit



Russian Federation
Alternate Name:
Shipwreck, P-500/700 Granite, 3M345
10.00 m
0.85 m
2.60 m
Launch Weight:
6980.00 kg
750 kg HE; 500 kT nuclear
Turbojet w/ solid booster
550.00 km
INS, datalink, active radar/IIR
In Service:
1983-2020 Exp.


The SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” is an intermediate-range, ship- and submarine-launched, turbofan propelled, single warhead, surface-to-surface cruise missile developed and manufactured by Russia.

The Chelomei Design Bureau began to develop the SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” in 1969. It was a follow-on to the SS-N-3 “Shaddock/Sepal” and the SS-N-12 “Sandbox” systems, and the first vertically launched Russian ship- or submarine-launched cruise missile. Flight testing began in 1975, and evaluation trials took place between 1979 and 1983. The missile is designated P-500 and 3M45 in Russia, and is also known as “Granite” or “Granat.” A later version was the P-700.

The SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” is similar in appearance to the SS-N-3 “Shaddock/Sepal” and the SS-N-12 “Sandbox.” It is 10 m in length, has a body diameter of 0.85 m, and has a launch weight of 6,980 kg. Midcourse guidance is provided by an inertial navigation system (INS) with command updates, and by active radar/infrared in the terminal phase. When salvo-fired, the control system located on the ship allocates missiles to specific ship targets. The lead missile in a salvo detects the target group, communicates back to the launch ship, and the ship designates particular targets to each missile in the salvo.

The missile is powered by a solid propellant boost motor and a turbojet engine with a high altitude cruise speed of Mach 2.5. The SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” has a maximum range is 550 km, although an extended range of 625 km can be achieved by including a smaller warhead. The missile carries a 500 kiloton nuclear or 750 kg high explosive warhead, although sources indicate that Russia may have developed a thermobaric warhead thought to be extremely effective against ship targets. Such a warhead would expel a cloud of explosive mist using a small charge and then ignite it with a second charge, thus producing greater explosive energy.

The SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” entered service in 1983 as is deployed on “Kirov” (Project 1144) class battle cruisers, “Oscar 1/2” (Project 949) submarines, and on one “Kuznetsov” (Project 1143.5) class aircraft carrier. In 2002, a report stated that Russia was developing upgrades to keep the SS-N-19 “Shipwreck” in service until 2020.(1)

 Source : missilethreat